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Córdoba, a city with thousands of years of history, has the second largest historic quarter in Europe and it is the largest urban space to be declared World Heritage Site status by UNESCO. The most important monument and the symbol of the city are the Mosque-Cathedral and the Roman bridge. From its Roman past, you will also find the Roman temple, theatre, mausoleum, forum, adiectum forum, amphitheatre and the remains of Emperor Maximian Hercules' palace at the archaeological site of Cercadilla.
The Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba
Near the Mosque-Cathedral, you will find the old Jewish quarter, which is formed by a multitude of irregular streets such as Calleja de las Flores and Calleja del Pañuelo, where you will find the synagogue and the Casa de Sefarad. Southwest of the historic quarter is the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos, which was once the residence of the Catholic monarchs and the headquarters of the Inquisition. Next to this, you will find the Caballerizas Reales or royal stables as well as the Caliphate baths, located next to the city walls. South of the historic centre and east of the Mosque, in Plaza del Potro, there is the Posada del Potro, an inn mentioned by Cervantes in his famous book Don Quixote.
Surrounding the large historic quarter is the ancient Roman wall, one can find the Puerta de Almodóvar, Puerta de Sevilla and Puerta del Puente, which are the only remaining three gates of the thirteen that the city once had. You can find as well the towers of Torre de la Malmuerta, Torre de Belén and Torre de la Puerta del Rincón; and the fortresses of Torre de la Calahorra and Torre de los Donceles.
The historic quarter has small palaces, including Palacio de Viana, Palacio de la Merced, Palacio de Orive, Palacio de los Aguayos, Palacio de los Luna, Palacio del Duque de Medina Sidonia, Palacio de los Marqueses del Carpio and Palacio del Marqués de Benamejí. In the city's suburbs, you will find the archaeological site of the city of Madinat Al-Zahra, which is an impressive example of Hispano-Islamic architecture.
Cordoba's Roman Bridge
This bridge stretches over the Guadalquivir River and links the Campo de la Verdad area with the Cathedral district. It was the only bridge in the city for 20 centuries until the Puente de San Rafael was built in the 20th century. The largest remodelling of the Roman Bridge was unveiled in 2008. It was an important point of entry to the city from the south of the Iberian Peninsula, as it was the only place where the river could be crossed. On both sides of the bridge, you will see the Torre de la Calahorra and the Puerta del Puente. The bridge has undergone several renovation projects since it was originally built and only arch number 14 and 15 (counting from the Puerta del Puente) are original.
Los Jardines de la Victoria
Los Jardines de la Victoria or the Victory Gardens are an excellent place to enjoy a pleasant walk. Within these gardens the visitor can find the Gardens of Duque de Rivas, named after a Cordoba-native writer and politician, known by their neo-classical pergola, which hosts an exhibition space and a café-bar.
UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage since 6 December 2012. Due to the hot and dry climate of Córdoba in summer, the people of Córdoba - firstly the Romans and later the Muslims - adapted their homes to the weather, building their houses with a patio. They usually have a fountain in the centre and often a well to collect rain water. The Muslims readapted this design by providing access to the home from the street with a hallway and they introduced the idea of a garden to increase the feeling of freshness. Where are patios? The most famous patios are in the neighbourhood of Alcázar Viejo, between the Alcázar and the parish church of San Basilio, although they can also be found in the Santa Marina area. The most beautiful example of patios is in the Palacio de Viana.
There are different options for families and children designed to play as well as discover new experiences. Children can share their joy and imagination with multiple activities at the Ciudad de los Niños, the city's Zoo, the Equestrian School, the water park, a go-karting park, etc.